Model history

Model history Honda Cub

Production history

Honda Super Cub production 1958 to 2017.png

Annual Super Cub production from 1958 through 2008, the year cumulative production passed the 60 million units milestone.[37]

Timeline of production locations

  • 1958 Yamato Plant, Japan

  • 1959 Hamamatsu Factory, Japan

  • 1960 Suzuka Factory, Japan

  • 1961 Taiwan

  • 1963 Belgium

  • 1966 Bangladesh

  • 1967 Thailand

  • 1969 Malaysia

  • 1971 Indonesia

  • 1973 Philippines

  • 1976 Manaus, Brazil

  • 1980 Mauritius

  • 1981 Colombia

  • 1981 Nigeria

  • 1985 India

  • 1988 Mexico

  • 1989 Brazil

  • 1991 Ōzu, Kumamoto, Japan

  • 1997 Vietnam

  • 2002 China

  • 2004 Laos

  • 2005 Cambodia

  • 2006 Argentina

  • 2007 Peru

Sites no longer making Super Cubs in gray[38][39]

The Honda Super Cub debuted in 1958, ten years after the establishment of Honda Motor Co. Ltd. The original 1952 Honda Cub F had been a clip-on bicycle engine. Honda kept the name but added the prefix ‘Super’ for the all-new lightweight machine.[7] The Super Cub sold poorly at first, owing mainly to the recession in Japan, and then three months after the 1958 launch when customer complaints began rolling in about slipping clutches.[8] Honda salesmen and factory workers gave up holidays to repair the affected Super Cubs, visiting each customer in person.[8] When it was imported to the US, the name was changed to Honda 50, and later Honda Passport C70, and C90, because the Piper Super Cub airplane trademark had precedence.[31] Similarly, in Britain they were only badged “Honda 50”, “Honda 90” etc. as the Triumph Tiger Cub preceded.

The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (in Japanese), including the 1958 Honda Super Cub C100 as one of their 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.[1]

Super Cub line[edit]

The first Super Cub variation was the C102, launched in April 1960.[7]:39, 188 The C102 had electric start in addition to kick starting, and battery and coil ignition instead of magneto, but was otherwise the same as the C100.[7]:39

The enlarged 86.7 cc (5.29 cu in) OHV engine of the 1963 C200 was used on the 1965 CM90 step-through. New in 1965 was a 63 cc (3.8 cu in) engine with a chain-driven overhead camshaft (OHC). This was used in two new models: the C65, a step-through with 4.1 kW (5.5 bhp), and the S65, with a frame like the C110/C200 and 4.6 kW (6.2 bhp) @ 10,000 rpm.[7]

In 1966 the C50 appeared and remained in production through the mid 80s, becoming one of the most widespread and familiar versions of the Super Cub.[7]:48–49, 188–189 Honda replaced the C100’s 40 mm × 39 mm (1.6 in × 1.5 in) 50 cc OHV engine with the 39 mm × 41.4 mm (1.54 in × 1.63 in) OHC alloy head and iron cylinder engine from the CS50 and C65, which increased power from 3.4 to 3.6 kW (4.5 to 4.8 bhp).[7]:48–49, 188–189 Similarly the CM90 was replaced in 1966 with the 89.5 cc (5.46 cu in) 5.6 kW (7.5 bhp) OHC CM91, which a year later on 1967, got restyled forks and headlamp like the C50, to become the familiar C90. Though the basic design of Cub remained unchanged, new styling and improvements included enclosed front forks. The C100 stayed in production alongside the newer versions one more year, until 1967.[7]:188–189 After 1980 the USA C70 was called the C70 Passport.[7]

1972 C70

Because some countries offered age restriction and tax advantages for mopeds, Honda also introduced the C310S, a moped version of the Super Cub complete with bicycle pedals. The C310S fuel tank was relocated from beneath the seat to a more conventional placement at the top of the leg shield. This iteration is now somewhat rare, having been marketed primarily in the Benelux countries.[citation needed]

In 1982, for most markets, Honda fitted a new capacitor discharge ignition (CDI) system to replace the earlier contact points ignition, thereby helping to meet emission standards in markets such as the US. At the same time the electrical system was changed from 6 volt to 12 volts .[citation needed]

In 1984, Honda released restyled versions of the Cubs on some markets, with square lamps and plastic-covered handlebars and rear mudguard. On the domestic Japanese market the square style was optional, but in some places such as the UK they replaced imports of the traditionally styled round lamp Cub.[citation needed]

In 1986, a larger 100 cc HA05E engine model was introduced especially for Asian markets. The newer 100 cc model was developed exclusively for Southeast Asian market, especially in Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam, where underbones were very popular, with new features such as a telescopic front suspension to replace the older leading link suspension, and a four-speed transmission to replace the older three-speed transmission used in older Cub variants. The 100 cc model was initially known as the Honda Dream in Thailand and Honda EX5 in Malaysia, before being standardized as the Honda EX5 Dream in 2003. In addition, Honda Japan began importing the made-in-Thailand Dream as the Super Cub C100EX in 1988.[40] The Japanese C100EX was later being facelifted in 1993, while the Southeast Asian EX5 Dream retains the 1986 design until the present day, with only minor cosmetic changes.[41] In 2011, the carbureted EX5 Dream was phased out in Thailand and being replaced with the fuel-injected Honda Dream 110i, with the powertrain being derived from the fuel-injected Honda Wave 110i.[42]

In the late 1990s, Honda introduced their newer NF series motorcycles, known as Honda Wave series, called the Honda Innova in some markets, which use steel tube frames, front disc brake, and plastic cover sets in various displacement options: 100 cc110 cc and 125 cc. Though not Cubs, these bikes sold consistently well particularly in European countries, where the production of Honda Cub models had been previously discontinued. However, the production of Honda Cubs in Asia, Africa, and South America still continues today, even though the newer Honda Wave Series and other designs have been introduced alongside the Cub.[citation needed]

Starting in 2007 Japanese market Cubs began using Honda’s PGM-FI fuel injection.[37]

Honda made a 2018 model year special edition to commemorate the 60th anniversary of Super Cub production, with a celebration at the Ōzu, Kumamoto factory where the 100 millionth Super Cub was produced in October 2017 .[43][44][45]

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